Havza’dan Yeni Bir Miltaşı Üzerinde Aradii Soyundan Yeni Bir Galatia Valisi: C. Aradius Rufinus

Burak TAKMER   828–856

 

Abstract: The author presents a milestone which is now lost, but was photographed in Havza in 1999. Owing to its famous thermal springs Havza is called by Strabo Thermai of Phazemonites, situated in the district of Phazemonitis. It was located at the crossroads linking the poleis of Neo­claudiopolis to the northwest, Amaseia to the south, Amisus to the north, and Neocaesarea to the east. Thirty nine milestones found in the territory of Neoclaudiopolis indicate the routes of these roads. The find spot of the new milestone suggests that it stood on the road to Neoclaudiopolis, which was frequently used by Roman expeditionary forces on their way to the Eastern frontier; and is mentioned in the Tabula Peutingerina (Peutinger Table). The milestone is of great interest, as it do­cuments a new legate of Galatia under Maximinus Thrax: C. Aradius Rufinus. Probably the successor of M. Domitius Valerianus in the fasti of Galatia, he is one of the last legates of Galatia whose term in office can be dated exactly. Through family alliances with the Roscii, the Furcilii and the Aiacii, the gens of the Aradii, which had its origins in Bulla Regia (Africa Procos.), flou­rished from the first quarter of 3rd century AD and had eminent members who held the post of praefectus urbis Romae by the end of the 4th century AD (s. infra IV. Aradii and the stemma). Two sons of the first known member of the gens, Q. Aradius Rufinus Optatus Aelianus and P. Aradius (Roscius) Paternus Rufinianus Aelianus, held the legatio of Galatia (225–228 AD) and Cappadocia (231 AD) respectively at approximately the same time, which suggests that C. Aradius Rufinus may be either the brother or the cousin of these two men. The new milestone shows him with the title of legatus Augusti pro praetore, which suggests that Paphlagonia remained under the juris­diction of the legate of Galatia after the creation of the province of Pontus, governed by an equestrian praeses. Inner Paphlagonia including the territory of Neoclaudiopolis was added to Pon­tus only under the praeses M. Iunius Valerius Nepotianus in 250 AD.

Keywords: Milestone; Maximinus Thrax; Aradii; Thermai of Phazemonites; Paphlagonia in Roman Period; Neoklaudiopolis; legatus Au­gus­ti Galatiae; province Pontus; praeses.

 

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