Küçük Asya’da Diadokhoi Savaşları: Kardia’lı Eumenes’in Savaş Stratejisi

Sevgi SARIKAYA   736–753


Abstract: This paper looks into the reasons why Alexander’s successors (the diadochi) went to war against one another and why the first and second Diadoch wars spread into Asia Minor. A particular focus is on Eumenes of Cardia’s military strategy. Eumenes held the office of chief secretary for seven years under Philip and, after Philip’s assassination, for thirteen years under Alexander. He is cited as one of the last loyalists to the monarchy. Occasionally, he undertook minor military and diplomatic missions during the reigns of Philip and Alexander, respectively. Eumenes was neither the most powerful nor the most successful leader of his time. After the death of Alexander, Eumenes engaged almost exclusively in military operations. However, his army was powerless, undisciplined and ready to desert to the enemy. Yet, he defeated the most important of Alexander’s commanders such as Craterus, Neoptolemus and Antigonus during the wars of the diadochi. This article will therefore also look into the reasons why Eumenes was successful.

Keywords: Diadochs; Eumenes of Cardia; military tactics; strategy.



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