Epigraphische Kleinarbeit. Zu Inschriften der Synagoge von Sardeis

Georg PETZL   708–713

 

Abstract: The epigraphical part of the contribution deals with three votive inscriptions (4th-6th cent.) found in the synagogue of Sardis; they have been published several times but their reading and understanding can be improved: No. 1 is the fragment of a verse inscription (the only one of this group of dedications): A lady (or several ladies) offered a part of the building “on behalf of the child­ren and the husband(s)”; the preserved rest of the hexameter seems to be inspired by the Post­home­rica of Quintus Smyrnaeus. No. 2 is the dedicatory inscription of a [Ma]rkell[e]inos (former read­ing: [Au]r. Kelainos); he had given a portion of the marble revetment as ex-voto “on behalf of his relatives and [- -]adia, his nurse” (the latter word had not been understood from the preserved let­ters). The graffito no. 3, scratched into the marble floor, had been understood as “Vow of Ma­pa(?)”; the first letter of the enigmatic MAPA is in fact a Lambda. The vow had thus been made by a man called Lapâs, a name attested elsewhere, derived from the verb laptô, “lap with the tongue, drink greedily”, probably an allusion to a weak spot of its bearer.

Keywords: Sardeis; Jewish community; Quintus Smyrnaeus; inscriptions; Lapas.

 

References

Bernand 1992

A. Bernand, La prose sur pierre dans l’Égypte hellénistique et romaine. Tome I: Textes et traductions. Tome II: Commentaires, Paris 1992.

Herrmann 1997

P. Herrmann, Discours de clôture, in: M. Christol – O. Masson (Hrsgg.), Actes du Xe Congrès International d’Épigraphie grecque et latine. Nîmes, 4–9 octobre 1992, Paris 1997, 489–496.

Feissel 2002

D. Feissel, Inscriptions Chrétiennes et Byzantines, BE 115, 2002, 757–777.

Kroll 2001

J. H. Kroll, The Greek Inscriptions of the Sardis Synagogue, Harvard Theo­logical Review 94, 2001, 5–127.

Robert 1963

L. Robert, Noms indigènes dans l'Asie Mineure gréco-romaine, Paris 1963.

Robert 1964

L. Robert, Nouvelles inscriptions de Sardes I: Décret hellénistique de Sardes, Dédicaces aux dieux indigènes, Inscriptions de la synagogue, Paris 1964.

Schwyzer 1959

E. Schwyzer, Griechische Grammatik I3, München 1959.

Seager – Kraabel 1983

A. R. Seager – A. T. Kraabel, The Synagogue and the Jewish Community, in: G. M. A. Hanfmann (Hrsg.), Sardis from Prehistoric to Roman Times: Re­sults of the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis 1958–1975, Cambridge, Massachusetts – London 1983, 168–190; 281–285.

Wackernagel 1904

J. Wackernagel, Studien zum griechischen Perfektum, Göttingen 1904.

Wilhelm 1946

A. Wilhelm, ΑΙΓΥΠΤΙΑΚΑ, Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Phil.-hist. Kl. 224,1, Wien 1946.