An Imperial Freedman’s Dedication in Phrygia

Rosalinda A. KEARSLEY   523–528 | Download


Abstract: Although members of the imperial familia lived within the Greek communities of Asia primarily to administer and enforce Roman law, the surviving epigraphic evidence for their pres­ence mainly relates to their interaction with local society. The dedications made to Zeus Bennios by Flavius Helius and his wife preserve substantial information about their cultural and religious connections. The interpretation of Helius’ official designation, eirenophylax τῆς παρχείας, is aided by consideration of the shape and decoration of the stelai on which the texts were engraved.

Keywords: Phrygia; Zeus Bennios; Flavius Helius; imperial freedman; eirenophylax.



Brélaz 2005

C. Brélaz, La sécurité publique en Asie Mineure sous le Principat (Ier-IIIème s. ap. J.-C.): Institutions municipales et institutions impériales dans l’Orient romain, Basel 2005.

Broux – Clarysse 2009

Y. Broux – W. Clarysse, Two Greek Funerary Stelae from Lydia and the Antonine Plague, Tyche 24, 2009, 27–33.

Burton 1975

G. P. Burton, Proconsuls, Assizes and the Administration of Justice under the Empire, JRS 65, 1975, 92–106.

Burton 2000

G. P. Burton, The Resolution of Territorial Disputes in the Provinces of the Roman Empire, Chiron 30, 2000, 195–215.

Burton 2001

G. P. Burton, The imperial state and its impact on the role and status of local magistrates and councillors in the provinces of the empire, in: L. de Blois (ed.), Administration, Prosopography and Appointment Policies in the Roman Empire, Amsterdam 2001, 202–214.

Burton 2002

G. P. Burton, The Roman Imperial State (A.D. 14–235): Evidence and Reality, Chiron 32, 2002, 249–280.

Dignas 2002

B. Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor, Oxford 2002.

Drew-Bear – Naour 1990

Th. Drew-Bear - Chr. Naour, Divinites de Phrygie, ANRW II 18.3, Berlin 1990, 1907–2044.

Drew-Bear et al. 1999

Th. Drew-Bear – Chr. M. Thomas – M. Yıldızturan, Phrygian Votive Steles, Ankara 1999 (Turkish Republic, Ministry of Culture, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations).

Herrmann – Malay 2007

P. Herrmann – H. Malay, New Documents from Lydia, Vienna 2007.

Kantor 2013

G. Kantor, Law in Roman Phrygia: rules and jurisdictions, in: P. Thone­mann (ed.), Roman Phrygia. Culture and Society, Cambridge 2013, 143–167.

Kearsley 2001

R. A. Kearsley, Greeks and Romans in Imperial Asia. Mixed Language In­scrip­tions and Linguistic Evidence for Cultural Interaction until the end of AD III, Bonn 2001 (Inschriften aus Kleinasien der griechische Städte, vol. 59).

Lehmler – Wörrle 2006

C. Lehmler – M. Wörrle, Neue Inschriftenfunde aus Aizanoi IV: Aizanitica Minora II, Chiron 36, 2006, 45–111.

Malay – Gül 1981

H. Malay – Y. Gül, New Inscriptions from Saittai, ZPE 44, 1981, 81–90.


B. Levick – S. Mitchell – J. Potter – M. Waelkens, Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua IX: Monuments from the Aezanitis, London 1988.


B. Levick – S. Mitchell – J. Potter – M. Waelkens, Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua X: Monuments from Appia and the Upper Tembris Valley, Cotiaeum, Cadi, Synaus, Ancyra Sidera and Tiberiopolis, London 1993.

Mitchell 1993

S. Mitchell, Anatolia: Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor, Volume I: The Celts in Anatolia and the Impact of Roman Rule, Oxford 1993.

Mitchell 1999

S. Mitchell, The Administration of Roman Asia from 133 BC to AD 250, in: W. Eck – E. Müller-Luckner (eds.), Lokale Autonomie und römische Ordnungsmacht in den kaiserzeitlichen Provinzen vom 1. bis 3 Jahrhundert, Munich 1999, 17–46.

Naour 1981

Chr. Naour, Inscriptions du Moyen Hermos, ZPE 44, 1981, 11–44.

Rheidt 2010

K. Rheidt (ed.), Aizanoi und Anatolien. Neue Entdeckungen zur Geschichte und Archäologie im Hochland des westlichen Kleinasien, Mainz 2010.

Thonemann 2013

P. Thonemann, Phrygia: An Anarchist History, 950 BC – AD 100, in: P. Thonemann (ed.), Roman Phrygia. Culture and Society, Cambridge 2013, 1–40.

Welles 1934

C. B. Welles, Royal Correspondence in the Hellenistic Period: a Study in Greek Epigraphy, New Haven 1934.

Yannakopulos 2003

N. Yannakopulos, Preserving the Pax Romana: The Peace Functionaries in the Roman East, Mediterraneo Antico, VI/2, 2003 [2004], 825–906.