Korykos’tan (Dağlık Kilikia) Bir Mezar Steli

Serra DURUGÖNÜL   303–307

 

Abstract: In this article a stele which was found during our surveys in the village of Hasanaliler (‘Gelinkayası’) within the boundaries of Korykos in Rough Cilicia (Olbian Territory) will be handled from the point of view of its local characteristics and the external influences under which it has stood. A pair is frontally depicted and an inscription with a halfmoon is carved on top of the stele mentioning Selene with her epitheton ‘katakhtonia’. The reliefs of both the man and the woman are variations of the ‘Smyrna types’ whose roots are in the Hellenistic Period. But here they are to be considered as the ‘abbreviatons’ of the known types and iconographies. So we can observe that the sculptor or crafsman who has produced this relief was aware of these types and iconographies which go back to the Hellenistic period and which are reflected by the Roman art, but that he completed this ordered stele without taking the details into consideration. A local sculptor or crafsman must have carved out this stele. Stylistically, it can be observed that the folds of the chimation and the details of the hair do not possess the fluidity of the Hellenistic Period but that they reflect the thick and heavy lines of the Roman Period. Also the more edged alphabetical characteristics of the inscription makes it possible to offer a dating to the 2nd century AD.

Keywords: Korykos; Rough Cilicia; grave stele; Selene Katakhtonia; Roman period.

 

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