Two new Milestones from Tios/Tieion in the Karadeniz Ereğli Museum

Bülent ÖZTÜRK   83–91

 

Abstract: The important port city of Tieion/Tios on the boundary between Bithynia and Paphlagonia was linked to the Roman road network via two important roads. The coastal road is attested by numerous milestones as well as by remnants of the road itself which have been identified between Tieion and Amastris. Another important road ran inland from the city on the coast across the Filyos river to Krateia Flaviopolis and Claudiopolis. This article presents two new milestones which were set up on this inland route. Found on the east bank of the Filyos between the towns of Bakacakkadı and Uçburgu, some 30 km south of Tieion/Tios, they are now in the Karadeniz Ereğli museum. The first milestone features a bilingual text, which informs the reader that the inland road was repaired by Q. Tineius Sacerdos, legatus Augusti pro praetore of Pontus-Bithynia. This governor is already known from five other milestones from Pontus-Bithynia. Under his supervision numerous roads in the province underwent repairs in 198–199 CE. The text on the second milestone is in Latin and gives the names and titles of Caracalla. It also indicates the distance of 22 miles «a Tio ad fines».

Keywords: Tios/Tieion; Billaios; Pontus-Bithynia; Septimius Severus; Caracalla; Q. Tineius Sacerdos; ad fines.

 

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