Hellenistische Grabstelen aus der Ostnekropole von Kyme

Özden ÜRKMEZ  Mustafa ADAK   46–56

 

Abstract: The extensive necropolises of the Aeolian metropolis of Cyme are today located mainly on industrial land. In the past few years some of them have been opened in emergency excavations conducted by the museum of Izmir. In 2012 the two necropolises 877 and 879 locat­ed some 1.5 km east of the city were excavated too; they were in use from approx. the 4th cen­­tury BC until well into the High Empire and today belong to the cadastral area of the village of Samurlu. In these necropolises ten Hellenistic funerary steles with inscriptions have been found among other things; they are of inter­est particularly because of their onomastic content: No. 1 contains the hitherto unattested name Diony­siketes. Other steles mention rare female na­mes such as Perigenea (no. 2), Boulonoe (no. 3) and Lamp­ris (no. 10). The two necropolises, which were set up off the main highways, appear to have been used mainly by middle and lower-class citizens, which is suggested by the plain design of both the steles and the tombs as well as by the fact that most of the tombs are without grave-goods.

Keywords: Aeolian Cymae; Eastern necropolis; grave stelai; androponyms; Hellenistic period.

 

References

Bağdatlı Çam 2012

F. Bağdatlı Çam, Kyme Nekropolünden Figürlü Bir Mezar Steli, Olba 20, 2012, 165–182.

Bechtel, Aeolica

F. Bechtel, Aeolica. Bemerkungen zur Kritik und Sprache der aeolischen In­schrif­ten, Halle 1909.

Bechtel, Historische Personennamen

F. Bechtel, Die historischen Personennamen des Griechischen bis zur Kaiserzeit, Halle 1917.

Çırak – Kaya 2009

N. Çırak – S. Kaya, 2009 İDÇ Nekropolü Kurtarma Kazısı, 19. Müze Ça­lış­maları ve Kurtarma Kazıları Sempozyumu, Ordu 2008, 217–232.

Drew-Bear 1983

T. Drew-Bear, Three inscriptions from Kyme, EA 1, 1983, 89–101.

Hamon 2008

P. Hamon, Kymè d’Eolide, cité libre et démocratique, et le pouvoir des stratèges, Chiron 38, 2008, 63–106.

İren 2008

K. İren, The Necropolis of Kyme Unveiled: Some Observations on the New Finds, in: İ. Delemen – S. Çokay-Kepçe – A. Özdinbay – Ö. Turak (Hrsgg.), Euergetes. Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Haluk Abbasoğlu zu 65. Ge­burtstag, Antalya 2008, 613–638.

IKyme

H. Engelmann, Die Inschriften von Kyme, Bonn 1976 (IK 5).

Konak Tarakçı – Selçuk 2012

S. Konak Tarakçı – T. Selçuk, Batı Liman 1205 Parsel Kurtarma Kazısı, 21. Mü­­ze Çalışmaları ve Kurtarma Kazıları Sempozyumu, Marmaris 2012, 185–198.

Korkmaz – Gürman 2011

E. Korkmaz – B. Gürman, İzmir ili, Aliağa ilçesi, Bozköy Beçerova Mevkii Ky­me Antik Kenti Doğusu Sur Dışı Yapıları ve Doğu Nekropolü Kurtarma Kazısı, 20. Müze Çalışmaları ve Kurtarma Kazıları Sempozyumu, Bodrum 2011, 69–93.

Küçükgüney – Tunç Altun 2008

Z. Küçükgüney – P. Tunç Altun, İDÇ Liman Kurtarma Kazısı, 17. Müze Çalışmaları ve Kurtarma Kazıları Sempozyumu, Side, 2008, 53–74.

LGPN VA

T. Corsten (Hrsg.), A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, vol. V, A. Coastal Asia Minor: Pontos to Ionia, Oxford 2010.

Manganaro 2000

G. Manganaro, Kyme e il dinasta Philetairos, Chiron 30, 2000, 403–414.

Masson 1986

O. Masson, Quelques noms de magistrats monétaires grecs. Les monétaires de Kymé d’Éolide, RN 28, 1986, 51–64.

Pape – Benseler, Eigennamen

W. Pape – G. E. Benseler, Wörterbuch der griechischen Eigennamen, Braunschweig 31911 (Graz 1959).

Petzl – Pleket 1979

G. Petzl – H. W. Pleket, Ein hellenistisches Ehrendekret aus Kyme, Chiron 9, 1979, 73–81.

Reinach 1886

S. Reinach, Deux terres-cuites de Cymé, BCH 10, 1886, 492–500.

Reinach 1889

S. Reinach, Status arcäiques de Cybeé dé couvertes à Kyme, BCH 13, 1889, 543–562.

Schmalz, Grabreliefs

B. Schmalz, Griechische Grabreliefs, Darmstadt 1983.

Ünlü – Özsaygı 2006

A. Ünlü – M. Özsaygı, İzmir ili, Aliağa İlçesi Gümrük Binası Sondaj Ka­zı­sı, 15. Müze Çalışmaları ve Kurtarma Kazıları Sempozyumu, Alanya 2006, 13–24.

van Bremen 2008

R. van Bremen, The Date and Context of the Kymaian Decrees for Archip­pe (SEG 33, 1035–1041), REA 110, 2008, 357–82.